Considering its age, this 18th-century wine jug, created entirely out of pewter, remains in great condition. This is likely due to the fact that pewter does not easily rust or corrode. Until the wide accessibility of ceramics and pottery, pewter was mainly used for domestic wares. The earliest surviving pewter jugs date to the mid-17th century. This jug, with a bulbous bottom, has a smooth C-handle topped with a shell-shaped thumb piece. The lid of the jug is engraved with two delicate rings. The rings are mimicked halfway down the object, creating unity in design. These jugs are sometimes referred to as “tappit hens,” a distinctive Scottish object used to measure or keep liquid. They were made in Glasgow from the late 17th century to the late 19th century. “Tappit hens” made in Glasgow typically feature rounder bases with a taller neck, as well as a large thumb piece in the shape of a shell – similar to this particular object. When intended for a particular household or castle, these jugs were sometimes marked with crests or symbols. However, there are no markings or images found on this object. This wine jug, rich in history and utility, will be a splendid addition to a living room, patio, or kitchen.
At this time in Scotland, engraver Andrew Bell (1726–1809) and printer Colin Macfarquhar (1745–1793) produced the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica in 1768 in Edinburgh. The men pledged that this text would provide “accurate definitions and explanations of all the Terms as they occur in the Order of the Alphabet.” The oldest English-language general encyclopaedia, Britannica began as a 3 quarto volume consisting of 2,5000 pages. The 15th edition, published in 2010, contains 32, 640 pages, with 4,411 contributors.