Louis XV Style Chair
This regal chair, made in mid-19th-century France in the style of Louis XV (r. 1715–1774), features beautifully hand carved details along the arm rests, back, and cabriole legs. The sinuous carvings, reminiscent of foliage, scrolls and shells, is typical of the Rococo period in art, which flourished under Louis XV. Notably, the flowers on the upholstery were also a way for textile artists in the 19th century to display their skill. Contrary to typical Rococo furniture, the carvings and upholstery pattern of this chair are symmetrical, creating a balance in the overall design. In keeping with traditional Rococo seating is the generous width of the chair, which offers great comfort for a sitter. This chair also reflects the enduring preference for silk in France. Despite the Industrial Revolution, which occurred around the mid-19th century and brought with it many new types of more economically conscious textile options, such as cotton and fabric blends, silk had remained a popular choice and France was at the forefront of its production. Some wear is present in the upholstery, at the front of the seat and along the arm rests. New upholstery can be provided.
At this time in France, the completed Arc de Triomphe was unveiled in Paris in 1836. This triumphal arch, modelled after the Roman Arch of Titus, was designed by architect Jean Chalgrin (1739–1811) as an emblem of Napoleon I’s (1769–1821) rule. The arch was completed during the rule of King Louis Philippe I (1773–1850) as a public monument honouring those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. The names of all French generals and victories are inscribed on the surface, surrounded by relief sculptures. The Arc de Triomphe was the tallest triumphal arch in the world until the completion of the Monumento a la Revolución in Mexico City in 1938.