Amid Buddha Sculpture
Prince Siddhartha Guatama Buddha (563 BCE–483 BCE), commonly known as the Buddha, was a religious leader and a teacher who lived in ancient India. He founded Buddhism – a religion that over 300 million people currently practice – in the 6th century BCE. Early forms of Buddhism, such as Mahayana or Esoteric, emphasized the concept of universal salvation through elaborate ritual and the worshiping of deities. Although these types of Buddhism still remain in use, by the end of the 10th century the religion gave way to the more accessible and popular practice of Pure Land Buddhism. Pure Land worship centres on the Amid Buddha, also known as the Buddha of Immeasurable Light and the Buddha of Limitless Life. In Buddhist practice, Amid presides over a heavenly paradise and promises salvation for all worshippers. Works of art, such as this beautiful early 20th-century Amid Buddha porcelain sculpture, were essential to the Pure Land doctrine and its emphasis on salvation. Practitioners would meditate with these sculptures by their side, and visualize Amid in his heavenly paradise. For this particular sculpture, all colouring and finishing has been done through a glaze. Once applied, the glaze is stained onto the figure through heat. Similarly, the piece has been coated in a gold glaze which outlines the figure's elaborate robe.
At this time in China, the Radio Corporation of China was founded in January 1923 by New Zealander Ernest George Hayward Osborn (1891–1957). The first of its kind, the radio station was not run by Chinese citizens, and was shut down by Northern warlords in 1927. This newly introduced radio technology became a vital component in the struggle between the Communist Party of China and the Nationalist Party. The first major Chinese radio station, named the Central Broadcasting System, was founded by the Nationalist Party in 1928.